December 23, 2021 by Admin
Which of the following statement correctly describes difference between SSL and S/HTTP?
- Both works at application layer of OSI model
- SSL works at transport layer where as S/HTTP works at application layer of OSI model
- Both works at transport layer
- S/HTTP works at transport layer where as SSL works at the application layer of OSI model
For your exam you should know below information about S/HTTP and SSL protocol:
Secure Hypertext Transfer Protocol (S/HTTP) -As an application layer protocol, S/HTTP transmits individual messages or pages securely between a web client and server by establishing SSL-type connection. Using the https:// designation in the URL, instead of the standard http://, directs the message to a secure port number rather than the default web port address. This protocol utilizes SSL secure features but does so as a message rather than the session-oriented protocol.
Secure Socket Layer (SSL) and Transport Layer Security (TLS) – These are cryptographic protocols which provide secure communication on Internet. There are only slight difference between SSL 3.0 and TLS 1.0. For general concept both are called SSL.
SSL is session-connection layer protocol widely used on Internet for communication between browser and web servers, where any amount of data is securely transmitted while a session is established. SSL provides end point authentication and communication privacy over the Internet using cryptography. In typical use, only the server is authenticated while client remains unauthenticated. Mutual authentication requires PKI development to clients. The protocol allows application to communicate in a way designed to prevent eavesdropping, tampering and message forging.
SSL involves a number of basic phases
Peer negotiation for algorithm support
Public-key, encryption based key exchange and certificate based authentication
Symmetric cipher based traffic encryption.
SSL runs on a layer beneath application protocol such as HTTP, SMTP and Network News Transport Protocol (NNTP) and above the TCP transport protocol, which forms part of TCP/IP suite.
SSL uses a hybrid hashed, private and public key cryptographic processes to secure transmission over the INTERNET through a PKI.
The SSL handshake protocol is based on the application layer but provides for the security of the communication session too. It negotiates the security parameter for each communication section. Multiple session can belong to one SSL session and the participating in one session can take part in multiple simultaneous sessions.
The following were incorrect answers:
The other choices presented in the options are not valid asSSL works at transport layer where as S/HTTP works at application layer of OSI model.
CISA review manual 2014 Page number 352